मैं खुश हूँ, और मुक्त, कि मेक्सिको हमारे सबसे महत्वपूर्ण व्यापार समझौते में सुधार के महत्व को स्वीकार करता है.
Mexico’s Senate last week overwhelmingly approved the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA), the trade deal that updates the rules that have governed North America’s international commerce for a generation.
The final tally was 114 senators in favor and 4 against. That is a clear vote for free trade.
This result means that after all the deliberation and diplomacy, the replacement of NAFTA is officially underway.
Now it’s up to the United States and Canada to follow Mexico’s lead and ratify the agreement as well.
“We trust our partners will soon do the same for the sake of a strong North America, with clear rules, attractive for investment, stable and competitive,” tweeted Jesus Seade, Mexico’s top trade negotiator.
संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में, राष्ट्रपति Donald Trump tweeted his own encouragement: “Time for Congress to do the same here!” Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau visited the White House and declared, also by tweet, his goal of “increasing trade and moving forward with the new NAFTA.”
I know that the approvals of the USMCA in संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका और कनाडा won’t come right away, if they come at all. वॉशिंगटन में, a government divided between two opposing parties means that everything moves slowly. In Ottawa, officials have ने कहा कि that they’ll vote on USMCA केवल when the United States is ready to vote and not sooner.
I’m glad कि my country acted so quickly and on its own. Here in Mexico, we appreciate the मान के close trade ties with the United States and Canada—and I hope our decision to ratify the USMCA will build momentum.
I’m a fifth-generation dairy farmer, living and working in the state of Hidalgo, just north of Mexico City. We raise और दूध hundreds of cows and calves plus crops for silage. Yet we can’t function without our trading partners.
From the United States and Canada, we import corn, सोयाबीन, गेहूं, विटामिन, चिकित्सा, उर्वरक, कीटनाशक, मशीनरी, एवं प्रौद्योगिकी. I suppose we could buy these goods from producers in other countries, but it makes more sense to shop close to home.
I haven’t read all the fine print of the USMCA: I’m too busy working on the farm! जैसा कि मैंने यह समझ, तथापि, the agreement will have a bigger impact on manufacturing than on agriculture. So for us, USMCA probably won’t change the fundamentals of our business.
Yet it will do something of vital importance: यह होगा offer stability.
किसानों confront changing circumstances every day, from shifts in the weather to fluctuations in commodity prices. Amid this need to adapt constantly, we seek as much certainty as possible. सब से ऊपर, डब्ल्यूe want the rules of our business to remain steady and predictable.
For the last several साल, तथापि, we’ve suffered through an enormous amount of राजनीतिक instability and uncertainty. पिछले वर्ष, the leadership of our government in Mexico transitioned from one party to another. The same has happened recently संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में. इस बीच, everybody’s fighting over व्यापार: slapping on tariffs, talking up trade wars, and threatening to quit a longstanding agreement that has worked well for all three countries.
Like most Mexicans, I didn’t think we needed to change NAFTA. But now we have, mainly at the request of the United States. We agreed to open trade talks. Then we agreed to update and rename the pact. And now we’ve gone ahead and given it our formal ratification.
We’ve done everything पूछा of us. At the same time—the Mexican patriot in me must speak out—we’ve been knocked around like a piñata. Bashing Mexico, ऐसा लगता है, है एक game for certain politicians.
Our trading relationship is too important to both of our economies for this to go on. पिछले वर्ष, two-way trade between the United States and Mexico was worth more than $670 अरब. We can’t afford to jeopardize this relationship.
Instead of arguing about trade, we should work together to address the challenges of migration, drug smuggling, और अधिक.
Before we can focus on these other critical matters, तथापि, we must resolve our trade disputes. Mexico has done its part—the part that others have asked us to play.
Now it’s up to the United States and Canada also to do the right thing and approve USMCA.