यह अंगूर उगाने के लिए किसान लेता है, लेकिन यह रेगिस्तान में अंगूर बढ़ने के लिए एक वास्तुकार लेता है.
यही मैं माली में यहां पता चला, एक लैंडलॉक देश जो सहारा में गहरे तक पहुंचता है.
मैं रेगिस्तान में नहीं रहता, और न तो मेरे साथी मलिनियों का सबसे, कौन संख्या लगभग 20 दस लाख. हम दक्षिण में एक अधिक उष्णकटिबंधीय क्षेत्र में रहते है. फिर भी हम सब अपने आप को जलवायु परिवर्तन की सीमा पर रहने लगता है, एक क्षेत्र है कि हर साल कठोर और शुष्कक बनने लगता है में फसलों को विकसित करने की कोशिश कर रहा.
मलिनियों का विशाल बहुमत कृषि में काम, कपास और अनाज जुटाने. मैं कुछ है कि किसी को भी अपने देश में पहले बढ़ने की कोशिश की थी विकसित करना चाहता था: तालिका अंगूर.
इसके पीछे सभी अंतरराष्ट्रीय रिश्तों की एक कहानी है-और हर जगह किसानों के लिए व्यापार और प्रौद्योगिकी के महत्व के बारे में एक सबक.
The tale begins with my training at the Moscow Institute of Architecture—an odd background for a farmer, but one that helped me see an important connection that would pay off as I became an agro-entrepreneur back home in Mali.
African agriculture lags the world in food production, and for this reason I’ve always thought that it could be done much better. We have a large amount of cultivable land, plus abundant sunshine and, in many places, lots of water. With the right kind of knowledge and tools, we could start to enjoy the food security that people in the developed world take for granted.
My travels to North Africa, especially Morocco and Tunisia, convinced me that grapes can thrive in southern latitudes. So in 2008, I imported table grapes from Italy and raised them on a hectare of land. After a year, we harvested a grape with exceptional taste. We proved that it could be done.
Yet we faced big challenges. Grapes in Mali don’t behave as they do in Italy, and we had to learn this through trial and error. The extreme heat can wither them and the rainy season brings swarms of pests. Yet we persevered, taking our inspiration from farmers who had succeeded with grapes in Florida, ऑस्ट्रेलिया, और भारत.
Then came a key piece of technology from Israel and Netafim, a world leader in tropical greenhouses. Here at last was a way to bring together my education in architecture and my passion for agriculture.
Greenhouses come in all shapes and sizes, from sheds to massive factory-like complexes. The essential elements include a transparent covering that lets the sunlight shine through as well as a climate-controlled interior. They are expensive, but in the right hands they make it possible for the Dutch to grow flowers in the winter—and for a Malian like me to harvest grapes in a place where they’re not supposed to grow.
में 2012, I bought a small greenhouse from an Israeli company—a metal structure covered with plastic and surrounded by an insect net. Measuring 320 वर्ग मीटर, it had a successful track record with tomatoes, खीरे, and peppers. I liked the results and expanded the next year with a greenhouse of 5,000 वर्ग मीटर. में 2016, I grew again, with a greenhouse of 10,000 square meters and advanced technologies, including better climate control, सिंचाई, and water recycling.
Access to credit remains a problem for African farmers who have no guarantees to offer commercial banks. For my greenhouse, the loan was secured by the USAID-funded development credit authority (DCA) and Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) which uses risk-sharing agreements to mobilize local private capital to fill a financial gap.
आज, I employ 40 workers to maintain and harvest our grapes and also tomatoes, खीरे, मिठाई मिर्च, sweet melons, lettuce and strawberries. अधिक से अधिक 80 percent of them are women. They’re good at what they do and they earn a wage that allows them to support their families. In terms of yield per square meter, we’re now inching closer to the productivity of farmers in developed countries.
I’m convinced that soon we’ll catch up entirely. That’s why I’m now planning to build a 15-hectare facility near Mali’s capital city of Bamako.
Not only will this help us fight the urgent problem of hunger in Africa, but also create business opportunities for other agro-entrepreneurs.
The grapes of Mali are an African success story. Because we relied on trade, प्रौद्योगिकी, and farmers willing to share their expertise and firsthand experience from around the world, they’re also a global achievement.