10 वीं वार्षिक वैश्विक किसान गोलमेज संमेलन Des Moines में आयोजित किया गया, आयोवा अक्टूबर 12-14. इस साल निश्चित रूप से एक मील का पत्थर चिह्नित. के बाद से दस साल पहले शुरू में 2006, the event has grown and developed into much more than a once a year invitational meeting. With four new countries represented for the first time – नीदरलैंड, नाइजीरिया, Turkey and Ukraine – it brings the वैश्विक किसान नेटवर्क करने के लिए 133 किसानों से 46 देशों – agricultural producers of various and diverse backgrounds passionate about their work and sharing their stories.
डॉ.. निकोलस Kalaitzandonakes of the University of Missouri moderated the proceedings for the third time, and it proved once again to be a fascinating dialogue. Fourteen farmers from across the world, seven women and seven men, sat down to talk about their issues and learn from one another.
2015 वैश्विक किसान गोलमेज सम्मेलन प्रतिभागियों और वैश्विक किसान नेटवर्क के नए सदस्य:
अर्जेंटीना -एमएस. मारिया Beatriz Giraudo Gaviglio
ऑस्ट्रेलिया -एमएस. सारा ब्लूम [Sammon]
कनाडा -श्री. लेवी की लकड़ी
चीन -एमएस. हांगकांग ' जेनी ' कुई
घाना -एमएस. लिडा Sasu
भारत -श्री. सरीखा सिंह कांग
केन्या -श्री. विली Kirwa
नीदरलैंड -एमएस. Annechien दस पास Mellema
नाइजीरिया -श्री. बेंजामिन Olumuyiwa Adewumi
तुर्कस्तान -श्री. Mesut Cetin
यूक्रेन -श्री. Kornelis "Kees" Huizinga
संयुक्त राज्य -एमएस. नैन्सी Kavazanjian
उरुग्वे -श्री. मार्कोस Guigou
वियतनाम -एमएस. Nha Le Thi Trang
Their farms ranged in size from 30 acres to more than 138,000 एकड़ जमीन. They grew corn and soybeans, but also a wide variety of other crops including cassava, yam, चिकी मटर, vegetables and some tropical crops. Some of the farmers were also livestock producers. Two operate biogas plants and one has a wind energy system. These are some items they had in common: श्रम; वित्तपोषण; वकालत.
In Canada, farmers compete with the mining, तेल और गैस कंपनियों के कर्मचारियों के लिए. अकुशल महकमा में वेतन शुरू कर कमा सकते हैं $80,000 उन उद्योगों में रेंज. कुछ किसान ऑस्ट्रेलिया से महकमा में लाते हैं, चूंकि खेती के मौसम में एक दूसरे के पूरक. किसान लेवी लकड़ी कहते है के रूप में तेल की कीमतों में गिरावट, अधिक परिश्रम उपलब्ध हो गया है.
ऑस्ट्रेलिया में, सारा Sammon भुगतान करता है $25 – $30 एक स्टाफिंग कंपनी के माध्यम से अकुशल श्रम के लिए प्रति घंटा. वह कहती है कि यह अपने कर्मचारियों के सभी रातोंरात प्रतिस्पर्धी अवसरों के आधार पर खोना आसान है.
चीन से जेनी कुई कहती है जब उसके पिता खेती कर रहे थे, employees would work for $5 प्रति दिन. Now unskilled labor makes in the range of $20 per day with skilled labor at $50 प्रति दिन. Even with China’s population, there’s a challenge getting people to work because many young people are drawn to the city. Cui has replaced people with technology. Tractors.
Kees Huizinga, who farms in Ukraine, says there is no labor shortage where he farms, because many people live in the country. Many of the 350 employees on his farm are former collective farm employees. His labor challenges include hiring people to manage security on the farm, because of the country’s corruption. He also needs many office workers because of the incredible amount of government paperwork needed. War in Ukraine also creates employment issues.
Balwinder Singh Kang in India says working on the farm is often the last option for people. Farmers also have to compete with the government’s unemployment pay.
Here in the U.S., farmers should be talking with their bankers early as we head into another challenging financial year.
Consider the situation in Ghana, where interest rates are 30% and crop yields are low because of the climate and the inability to use biotechnology. Interest rates are also high in Ukraine. Dollar interest rates now are around 12% करने के लिए 13% according to Kees Huizinga. Local interest rates in Hryvnia run from 23% करने के लिए 30%.
In China credit is difficult to get because people don’t own the land. The government owns the land.
Sarah Sammon said in order to get a loan from a rural bank when she started her business, she had to submit a 65-page business plan. Her business is selling freeze dried rose petals into the wedding and romance industries.
All of the farmers understood the need to tell their story to consumers. Annechien दस पास Mellema, a pork producer in the Netherlands said at one point activists broke into her farm and took pictures that they shared with the media. She says there’s a political party for the animals in her country, with two elected representatives in the parliament.
नैन्सी Kavazanjian, a farmer from Wisconsin deals with consumers. She is chairwoman of the United States Farmers and Ranchers Alliance whose purpose is to engage with consumers.
Maria Giraudo, a farmer from Argentina, says she and others used their social media connections to tell the story of no-till farming and its importance for agriculture when consumers pushed back on no-till farming because of its connection to glyphosate use. Maria says it’s important to stick with science and be open to talking with consumers about your practices. She also notes the importance of being available to the media.
These farmers will continue telling the story of ag around the world as part of the Global Farmer Network which now includes 133 किसानों से 46 देशों. Follow them on Twitter at @World_Farmers.
2015 Kleckner व्यापार & प्रौद्योगिकी प्रगति पुरस्कार
A highlight of the week was the presentation of the 2015 Kleckner Award to Lydia Sasu from Ghana अक्टूबर को 13. Sasu is a most worthy recipient of the award named in honor of Dean Kleckner, Chairman Emeritus of the Global Farmer Network / व्यापार के बारे में सच्चाई & प्रौद्योगिकी. Dean passed away this last June, and as Mary Boote wrote in her जून 25 column shortly thereafter, “Dean devoted his life to advancing the interests of agriculture” और “sincerely wanted to know about the challenges and opportunities that farmers face everywhere.” Sasu is not only taking on challenges, she is helping give others opportunities to advance agriculture and themselves as well.
Sasu was born into a farming family in Ghana and became passionate about helping women farmers after seeing her own mother struggle to make enough money to feed her children. Lydia received an education, studying agriculture and home economics at the University of Ghana. She co-founded the Development Action Association (DAA) में 1977. The Association operates in 50 communities and 98% of the beneficiaries are rural women. The DAA focuses on empowering women, improving literacy and helping with business development skills like bookkeeping. She initiated World Rural Women’s Day training sessions targeting women farmers using local languages to communicate effectively with policymakers. एमएस. Sasu’s support has allowed women in the community to be viewed as assets with valuable advice and a key part of the solution.