GabrielCarballalattended the Global Farmer Roundtable in 2012 and farms in Uruguay. The South American nation sits alongAtlanticOcean and shares borders with Brazil to the north and Argentina to the west and south. Like its two neighbors, the nations agriculture is quiteproductiveand Gabriel shares his responses to a few questions about how important trade is for his farm and nation.

*L'anglais est une langue seconde pour la plupart des membres du GFN et les réponses peuvent être légèrement modifiée pour plus de clarté.

Question:The dictionary defines trade as both a noun and a verb both definitions describe the action of selling goods and services. Quelle est l'importance du commerce - et la capacité d'accéder aux marchés- à votre exploitation agricole?

Gabriel Carballal, GFN member from Uruguay.

Répondre:Im a farmer who lives in Uruguay, a South American country with a population of only 3.5 million inhabitants. All we produce (blé, orge, soja, blé, bétail, etc.) ends with surplus. So trade and ability to access markets is essential to our operation. A free, clean and agile market is basic for our farming operation.

Question:Quand on parle de commerce, l'accent est souvent mis sur la capacité de vendre des produits et services (exportations). Le commerce couvre également ce que nous achetons. L'importance de la capacité d'acheter des biens et services pour votre ferme (importations)? For example, Quels sont les articles que vous achetez et / ou importez qui sont nécessaires pour que votre exploitation agricole soit rentable?

Répondre:Thats correct. Inputs and local costs are really affected by trade defects. In my country the government tends to affect imports with several taxes and that affect my costs, sometimes to turn a profitable business to an unprofitable one. Our main problem are those goods fully controlled by our government like energy and fuel (government monopoly) which are used for transferring wealth from the rural to the urbanized areas. Cette, plus big import taxes we have (Jusqu'à 100% of the original value) are jeopardizing our operations.

As the soy field above and this picture show, the Carballal farm might be confused with one in the U.S. Midwest.

Question:À votre avis, Quelle est l'importance des accords commerciaux pour votre ferme? À votre communauté. Vers votre pays?

Répondre:I believe trade agreements are fundamental, not only for our farm but for the entire country. Its a demonstration of intelligence and evolution. There are numbers that shows how much money decants in actual commerce. It is said that less than 5% of the final price of any product goes to the farmer, to the originator. So any trade agreement that eases transactions and makes a flatter world must be a priority.

Roads, like this one in Uruguay, are crucial for efficietly transporting ag products.

Question:Quel type d'infrastructure est nécessaire pour déplacer efficacement les produits dans et hors de votre exploitation agricole?

Répondre:Basically,logistics infrastructure. Routes, roads, les ports. Transportation costs are huge here in Uruguay. 3 à 8 times our neighbors. With thosenumbers, profit moves away. Taxation is also a wealth kidnap. Butthis timesforces us to compete in a global world with local costs and infrastructure.Unfortunately,rural efficiency is not the main concern right now.

Question:We are talking a lot about tariffs and trade wars all around the world right now. Are there other barriers to trade (barrières non tarifaires) qui ont une incidence sur votre exploitation agricole et qui vous préoccupent?

Répondre:Of course. Labeling is a perfect demonstration. That impacts our business clearly, a wealth customwheremoney disappears with almost no return.

World commerce is tricky and absorbing but also interesting. Non-tariff barriers are usual and we have to deal with all the time.Misinformation, misleading,lying, those are all types of confusing trade. Increasing each and every day

Question:Dans une ou deux phrases, what message do you want to send your countrys trade negotiators / les dirigeants politiques concernant l'importance et l'impact de l'accès au commerce ou des obstacles sur votre exploitation agricole et la communauté en général?

Répondre:Everything that make markets dirtier cuts wealth from all the commerce chain. Thats a lose-lose strategy. Be sure that each $ earned multiplies vastly. Its not necessary to harvest that $ earlier. Actual price situation is a demonstration of what happens in an artificially manipulated market