La Xarxa global pagès (GFN) ha col·laborat amb la Projecte d'alfabetització genètica (GLP) en OMG més enllà de la ciència III that follows the earlier Jo i II sèrie de diverses parts de GLP.

Mentre s'ha guanyat la batalla de ciència establint la seguretat dels cultius GE en gran mesura a causa dels esforços dedicats de científics i defensors de pagès, reptes romanen entre el públic més ampli a causa de l'escepticisme per un campanyes de desinformació de públic i implacable sota informats els activistes que han influït en l'opinió pública i per extensió, policy. Non-adoption of new breeding technologies is often politicized and driven by the special interests of advocacy groups to the detriment of the public: farmers in the developed world and smallholder farmers in developing countries.

Més enllà de la ciència III es centra en ajudar els consumidors i els científics socials que confien per informació entendre l'ètica, politics and social justice implications when access to new agricultural technologies are stymied by anti-development activists. This collaborative project discusses the social resistance to biotechnology through the prism of social scientists and global farmers whose access to current agriculture genetic technology and emerging gene-editing technology is challenged.

Durant els dos propers mesos hi haurà una sèrie d'assaigs alliberat, some authored by members of the Global Farmer Network. This webpage will be updated with the highlights, opening excerpt and linked back to the full original posting at the GLP website. We believe you find it useful, informatiu i esperança que comprovaran altra vegada regularment comparteix amb altres.

Update for Aug 8: There are now 12 essays released with the most recent at the end

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Quins són els reptes davant moderna agricultura arreu del món?

Mary Boote, Chief Executive Officer of the Global Farmer Network | Juny 11, 2018

Subratlla:

  • Solucions de biotecnologia agrícola se'ls nega als agricultors amb el desenvolupament mundial més afectada
  • No-adopció és sovint polititzats i impulsada per interessos especials d'anti-corporatiu, globalització i la anti-tecnologia grups de defensa del medi ambient
  • Nacions d'aliments-dèficit a l'Àfrica i en altres llocs no pot adoptar tan fàcilment el major cost cultiu solucions populars als països rics

Kenya està a punt d'adoptar la biotecnologia en l'agricultura. A la vora. Ara estic disposat a dir alguna cosa nova. Hem estat a punt durant massa temps."

Aquestes paraules, oferts per Gilbert arap Bor, un agricultor kenyà smallholder i professor a la Universitat Catòlica d'Àfrica Oriental- Eldoret, il·lustrar la frustració compartida per molts pagesos-smallholder i grans a Kenya i bona part dels continents africà i asiàtic. Amb la seguretat de GE cultius confirmat i recolzat pels científics, aprovat per cada agència reguladora del món, basat en milers d'informes i 21 anys de dades, per què la guerra pel que fa a la seguretat d'aquests conreus sovint canvien la vida continuar ràbia?

Tinc cap dubte: L'impacte d'aquesta "guerra" són real, i van desafiar als agricultors en els països desenvolupats i desenvolupament arreu del món…

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/06/11/what-are-the-challenges-facing-modern-farming-around-the-world/


Will gen edició i altres noves tècniques de cria proporcionar una 'segona oportunitat' per l'abraçada Mundial de cultius genèticament modificats?

Jon Entine, Executive Director of the Genetic Literacy Project | Juny 12, 2018

Subratlla:

  • Activistes anti-OMG, ajudats per propaganda rus, aconseguit bloquejar el món en desenvolupament de l'adopció de cultius biotecnològics, principalment a través de l'acció política d'Europa, Soci comercial agrícola més gran de l'Àfrica
  • Noves tècniques de reproducció (NBTs), gen de CRISPR especialment edició que imita criança natural, pot proporcionar un regulador treball al voltant per obrir la porta a una nova generació d'innovació de biotecnologia als EUA, Europa i els països en desenvolupament
  • La capacitat d'edició de gen de crear cultius amb rendiments més alts, resistència a les malalties, augment de nutrició i adaptabilitat de clima més ha estimulat l'interès fins i tot entre endurit orgànics escèptics de la biotecnologia

Respondre als atacs del moviment anti-OMG,"un genetista exasperat una vegada em va dir:, "és com intentar ficar un galimaties pop en una caixa petita; cada vegada que penso que tens que contenia, t'adones hi ha un tentacle penjant fora d'algun lloc."

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/06/12/will-gene-editing-other-new-breeding-techniques-provide-second-chance-worldwide-embrace-genetically-engineered-crops/


Nova Zelanda pagès sobre l'impacte de la moratòria OGM sostenible d'aliments i l'agricultura, i cultius de esperances CRISPR no afrontar la mateixa sort

Craige Mackenzie, Farmer in Methven, Nova Zelanda [Membre de la Junta agricultor xarxa global] | Juny 26, 2018

Subratlla:

  • L'estat de Nova Zelanda, illa intensifica la seva aposta per l'agricultura sostenible
  • Enfocament OMG 'Esperar i veure' s'ha transformat en una moratòria permanent, bloqueig innovacions que augmentaria la producció sostenible d'agricultura
  • Tecnologia CRISPR podria saltar d'oposició i de pressa repartir beneficis reals als sistemes de producció de Nova Zelanda, l'entorn i de mercats globals

Aquí a Nova Zelanda, no varem participar a la revolució genètica GE. Agricultors com jo veure un avantatge per assegurar que nosaltres no et perdis la propera.

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/06/26/new-zealand-farmer-gmo-moratoriums-impact-sustainable-food-agriculture-hopes-crispr-crops-wont-face-same-fate/

 


How the Green Party-Led Anti-Biotechnology Movement Captured German Policy and Why it Endangers Germany’s Future Innovation in Gene Editing

Wolfgang Nellen, Emeritus Professor of Genetics, University of Kassel | Juny 27, 2018

Subratlla:

  • Green Party’s opposition to biotechnology innovation began with its rejection of GMO insulin
  • Greenpeace pledges in private meetings to back science but then publicly promotes scare imagery and misinformation
  • Anti-GMO activists focused on stigmatizing CRISPR and other mostly cisgenic New Breeding Techniques by distorting the science and linking them to transgenic GMOs

The German opposition to biotechnology crystallized and became the trademark issue of the country’s Green Party when Hoechst asked for approval for a manufacturing plant to produce GMO insulin

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/06/27/how-green-party-led-anti-biotechnology-movement-captured-german-policy-endangers-germanys-future-innovation-gene-editing/


A UK Farmer’s Perspective: What are the Consequences for Sustainability and the Public When Biotechnology Innovations are Withheld?

Jake Freestone, Farm Manager at Overbury Farms, West Midlands, Regne Unit [Membre de pagès xarxa global] | Juliol 10, 2018

Subratlla:

  • European politicians bows to activist pressure, voting to restrict crop biotech pesticide tools, such as glyphosate and neonicotinoids
  • Bans and restrictions will roll-back sustainable farming practices
  • Farmers feel they are heading backwards in time, forced to adopt less ecological practices that will result in higher food prices

How much would your life change if the government suddenly were to ban mobile phones?

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/07/10/uk-farmers-perspective-consequences-sustainability-public-biotechnology-innovations-withheld/


Kenyan Farmer: On Cusp of a Biotech Revolution, Africa Faces Resistance from Europe and Anti-GMO Activists

Gilbert arap Bor, Small-Scale Farmer in Kenya, University Lecturer, Guanyador del Premi Kleckner [Membre de pagès xarxa global]| Juliol 11, 2018

Subratlla:

  • Kenya and much of Africa have been denied the tools of modern crop technology available in more industrialized countries mostly because of political opposition, often linked to European activists
  • GMOs developed or in the pipeline to contain diseases like armyworm and climate change related challenges such as drought and flooding, but are stalled
  • For Africa to fulfill its potential, feed its fast-growing populations, and perhaps even emerge as a global bread basket, crop biotechnology is essential

Els agricultors han anys bons i mals anys. Aquí a Kenya, No obstant això, the good years never seemed quite as good as they could have been and the bad years have felt worse than necessary.

Per què?

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/07/11/brink-innovative-ag-technology-acceptance-kenyan-farmers-perspective/


How Anti-GMO Advocates Hijacked German science, Blocking Agricultural Innovation and Threatening the CRISPR Revolution: Perspectiva de pagès

Susanne Günther, Pagès, Blogger, and Winner of the InnoPlanta Prize for Objective Reporting on Modern Plant Breeding | Juliol 12, 2018

Subratlla:

  • Alemanya, like most of Europe, is effectively blocked from growing sustainable genetically engineered crops although the EU remains one of the world’s largest importers of GMO crops
  • Advocacy groups that have supported the illegal destruction of GMO research crops are now guiding rule making on New Breeding Techniques (NBTs), including CRISPR
  • New coalition German government appears intent on crippling new biotechnologies, even in defiance of regulatory support from EU courts

There are tough times for farmers in Germany and much of Europe who want to take advantage of the most advanced and most sustainable agricultural technology. Anti-GMO advocacy groups demonize innovations

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/07/12/how-anti-gmo-advocates-hijacked-german-science-blocking-agricultural-innovation-threatening-crispr-revolution-farmers-perspective/


Risk, Hazard and the Precautionary Principle: Why Europe Gets Crop Biotechnology and Chemical Regulation So Wrong

David Zaruk, Founder of GreenFacts, Environmental-Health Risk Governance Analyst, Professor at Odisee University College | Juliol 24, 2018

Subratlla:

  • European regulators that set rules governing exposure to farm chemicals used in tandem with genetically engineered crops (OMG) confuse ‘risk’ with ‘hazard,’ defying basic science and stifling innovation.
  • Agència Internacional de recerca sobre el càncer alone among agencies that evaluate risk view the ‘dose-response’ model as a medieval concept, replacing it with a more “caring” and “protective” concept: “the timing makes the poison”.
  • Agricultural products are often banned or restricted if they pose theoretical hazards, only to be replaced by less effective alternatives, even though their toxicity profiles are more problematic.

This is the first article in a three-part series on risk and hazard

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/07/24/risk-hazard-and-precautionary-principle-why-europe-gets-crop-biotechnology-and-chemical-regulation-so-wrong/


Precautionary Politics: Europe Moves Backward into a Fear-Based ‘Dark Ages’ in Regulating Agriculture and Cancer Risks

David Zaruk, Founder of GreenFacts, Environmental-Health Risk Governance Analyst, Professor at Odisee University College | Juliol 25, 2018

Subratlla:

  • The confusion between hazard and risk has led to bungled European regulation of three popular chemicals: glyphosate herbicide, ‘endocrine disruptors’ and neonicotinoid insecticides
  • The EU precautionary principle has evolved into a tool to manage environmental and human dangers that places the burden on manufacturers to remove all potential hazards from a product, even when that’s impossible
  • EU agricultural technology is stuck with an illogical policy tool that has become a global embarrassment among scientists and policymakers

This is the second article in a three-part series on risk and hazard

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/07/25/precautionary-politics-europe-moves-backward-into-a-fear-based-dark-ages-in-regulating-agriculture-and-cancer-risks/


In the Battle to Regulate GMOS, Gene Editing and other New Breeding Techniques, Who Has ‘Hazard Blood’ on their Hands?

David Zaruk, Founder of GreenFacts, Environmental-Health Risk Governance Analyst, Professor at Odisee University College | Juliol 26, 2018

This third segment in the mini-series will look at the networks of highly-motivated campaigners manipulating policy and pushing the hazard-based approach for their own advantage. The series will conclude with six steps that farmers, científics, innovators and the media can take to push back against the irrationalism that has gripped extremist elements in the environmental movement.

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/07/26/battle-regulate-gmos-gene-editing-new-breeding-techniques-hazard-blood-hands/


Quan un pagès i un dietista són la mateixa persona: Telling Stories to Counter Misinformation about Biotechnology

Jennie Schmidt, Third-Generation Maryland Farmer, Registered Dietitian, Member of the Xarxa global pagès | Agost 7, 2018

Subratlla:

  • Combining a knowledge of nutrition with that of a farmer increases the credibility of the message that conventional farming is safe and beneficial
  • Personal stories can help educate consumers who are cut off from the food production system
  • I’m still waiting for Tom Brady to take up my challenge to visit my farm and learn first-hand about the benefits of genetic engineering

The four most compelling words in the English language may be: “Once upon a time.”

When we hear them, we know we’re in for a story—and stories are the most powerful form of communication available to us.

Farmers don’t always appreciate this fact, especially when we’re discussing our own business of agriculture

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/08/07/when-farmer-dietitian-same-person-telling-stories-counter-misinformation-biotechnology/


A Nutritionist Reflects on the Sad State of Health Education About GMOs and Farming at Schools and Universities

Ruth MacDonald, Doctorat, Autor, Professor and Chair, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Universitat Estatal de Iowa, and Interim Senior Associate Dean for the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences | Agost 8, 2018
Subratlla:

  • Anti-GMO propaganda documentary films have become a prime source of misinformation
  • Most teachers have no background in farming or health issues and readily pass along anti-biotechnology jeremiads as facts
  • Scientists are frustrated trying to counter this tsunami of fear-mongering when the education establishment is uniformly in the thrall of anti-GMO propaganda

Llegiu-ne més: https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2018/08/08/nutritionist-reflects-sad-state-health-education-gmos-farming-schools-universities/