Gabriel Carballal attended the Global Farmer Roundtable in 2012 and farms in Uruguay. The South American nation sits along Atlantic Ocean and shares borders with Brazil to the north and Argentina to the west and south. Like its two neighbors, the nation’s agriculture is quite productive and Gabriel shares his responses to a few questions about how important trade is for his farm and nation.

*Anglès és una segona llengua per a la majoria dels membres de la GFN i respostes pot ser lleugerament editat per a la claredat.

Pregunta: El diccionari defineix el comerç com un 'substantiu"i un"verb"-ambdues definicions descriure l'acció de la venda de béns i serveis. Quina importància té el comerç- i l'habilitat per accedir a mercats- a l'operació de l'agricultura?

Gabriel Carballal, GFN member from Uruguay.

Resposta: I’m a farmer who lives in Uruguay, a South American country with a population of only 3.5 million inhabitants. All we produce (blat, l'ordi, soja, blat de moro, Ramaderia, etc..) ends with surplus. So trade and ability to access markets is essential to our operation. A free, clean and agile market is basic for our farming operation.

Pregunta: Quan parlem de comerç, sovint es posa èmfasi en la capacitat per vendre productes i serveis (exportacions). Comerç també cobreix què comprem. L'important és la capacitat de compra de béns i serveis per la teva granja (importacions)? Per exemple, Quins són alguns elements que podeu adquirir i/o importar que són necessaris per a la seva operació de l'agricultura a ser rendible?

Resposta: That’s correct. Inputs and local costs are really affected by trade defects. In my country the government tends to affect imports with several taxes and that affect my costs, sometimes to turn a profitable business to an unprofitable one. Our main problem are those goods fully controlled by our government like energy and fuel (government monopoly) which are used for transferring “wealth” from the rural to the urbanized areas. Que, plus big import taxes we have (fins a 100% of the original value) are jeopardizing our operations.

As the soy field above and this picture show, the Carballal farm might be confused with one in the U.S. Midwest.

Pregunta: En la seva opinió, importants com els acords comercials a la granja? A la seva comunitat. Al seu país?

Resposta: I believe trade agreements are fundamental, not only for our farm but for the entire country. It’s a demonstration of intelligence and evolution. There are numbers that shows how much money decants in actual commerce. It is said that less than 5% of the final price of any product goes to the farmer, to the originator. So any trade agreement that eases transactions and makes a flatter world must be a priority.

Roads, like this one in Uruguay, are crucial for efficietly transporting ag products.

Pregunta: Quin tipus d'infraestructura és necessària per moure's eficientment productes dins i fora de l'operació de l'agricultura?

Resposta: Basically, logistics infrastructure. Routes, carreteres, ports de. Transportation costs are huge here in Uruguay. 3 a 8 times our neighbor’s. With those numbers, profit moves away. Taxation is also a wealth kidnap. But this times forces us to compete in a global world with local costs and infrastructure. Per desgràcia, rural efficiency is not the main concern right now.

Pregunta: We are talking a lot about tariffs and trade wars all around the world right now. Are there other barriers to trade (barreres no aranzelàries) que estan afectant la seva operació de cultiu que són de preocupació per a vostè?

Resposta: Per descomptat. Labeling is a perfect demonstration. That impacts our business clearly, a wealth custom where money disappears with almost no return.

World commerce is tricky and absorbing but also interesting. Non-tariff barriers are usual and we have to deal with all the time. Misinformation, misleading, lying, those are all types of “confusing” trade. Increasing each and every day…

Pregunta: En una o dues frases, Quin missatge voleu enviar negociadors de comerç del seu país / líders de la política sobre la importància i l'impacte del comerç accés o barreres en l'operació de l'agricultura i la comunitat més àmplia?

Resposta: Everything that make markets “dirtier” cuts wealth from all the commerce chain. Que és una estratègia perdedora. Assegureu-vos que cada $ guanyat es multiplica molt. No és necessari que la collita $ més d'hora. Actual price situation is a demonstration of what happens in an artificially manipulated market…