A principis de desembre 2014, Xina anunciar que tema vols importar les aprovacions de tres productes de biotecnologia, blat de un moro esdeveniment i dos esdeveniments de soja, important per a u. l'agricultura. These decisions are encouraging steps toward normalizing agriculture trade with China. L'u. i els governs xinesos han de treballar junts per crear un procés sincrònic aprovació que assegurarà accés al mercat de nord-americà. produeixen cultius biotecnològics.

The most important announcement was approval for Syngenta AG’s Agrisure Viptera corn variety, also known as MIR 162. It was submitted for approval in March 2010 i és en la producció en l'u. i l'Argentina. It found its way into the international supply chain and resulted in China rejecting shiploads of corn from the U.S. Also approved was a biotech soybean event from Germany-based Bayer Crop Science AG that has been in the approval process for seven years. L'aprovació permet Bayer Crop ciència començar un llançament comercial completa en l'u. en 2015. The other soybean event was from DuPont Pioneer that combines a trait known as Plenish, dissenyada per a produir oli saludable, amb un tret a controlar les males herbes.

Aquestes aprovacions d'abordar la immediata les necessitats més urgents, but a long-term path has not been established that would reach the goal of normalizing trade. In a November 2014 troben a Beijing, Xina al marge de l'APEC (Cooperació econòmica d'Àsia-Pacífic) Reunió de caps, U. President Barrack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping reached a consensus to intensify science-based agricultural innovation and committed to strengthen dialogue to enable increased use of innovative technologies in agriculture. L'u. normes de seguretat de necessitats basat en aliments que s'apliquen no només aquí, but elsewhere in the world like China. China has now become the leading U.S. mercat d'exportació agrícola i té tant interès en aquesta matèria com ningú perquè molts ciutadans xinesos han perdut la fe en els seus propis reguladors.

Els dos Presidents acordat dur a terme un anual estratègica agrícola innovació diàleg a nivell Vice-Ministerial sota el lideratge del grup agricultura treballant en el marc de la Comissió Mixta de U.S.-Xina en el comerç i el comerç (JCCT). Establerts en 1983, el JCCT és el principal fòrum per abordar qüestions de comerç i inversions bilaterals i promoure oportunitats comercials entre l'u. i la Xina. L'u. va acollir una delegació xinesa, encapçalada per vici Premier Wang Yang per la 25th session of the JCCT in Chicago on December 16-18. The dialogue will hold its first meeting in early 2015 i marc normatiu de cultius biotecnològics és esperat ser discutits.

This information about agricultural biotechnology and the innovation dialogue was included in the 13-page joint fact sheet on the JCCT meeting. This confirms that both governments understand the same outcomes from the meeting. This understanding goes to the highest levels in both governments.

S'espera que els reguladors xinès almenys estar obert a la discussió. President Xi in a speech a year ago supported China’s development of biotech crops for strengthening food security, però amb un advertiment: "Ser audaç en recerca, careful in promotion.” Chinese researchers have developed a number of crops and are now just waiting for the ‘go-ahead’ from regulators to commercialize them. Only cotton, les papaies i els arbres del àlber han estat aprovades fins ara.

The seven year wait for an import certificate for the Bayer Crop Science soybean event was probably not science based. The new LL55 Liberty Link soybean helps farmers control weeds. It is a sister to LL27 that has been approved for planting, harvesting and exporting around the world. There is only a small genetic difference between the two, but the difference has the potential for new stacked trait varieties. All other markets had given import approval years ago.

The Chinese authorities have given no explanation why the three import approvals came now. Market observers note the Ukrainians announced that they would not be able to meet their corn export commitment to China of 1.1 tona mètrica milions des de la 2014 cultiu. The other major corn exporters produce mainly biotech corn. Policy analysts point to the JCCT meeting and the need to follow up on President Xi’s earlier commitment to explore new technology. Soybean analysts observe that China purchases about two-thirds of the soybeans traded in world markets and cannot afford to curtail the use of any new technology. Regardless of the reason, les aprovacions són un signe encoratjador de noves oportunitats per a canvis de política.

President Xi’s interest in new agricultural technology and food security does not offset the continued reluctance of others to embrace biotechnology. To the extent that the innovation dialogue can increase the flow of accurate information to the Chinese media, es pot estimular un debat entre xinès consumidors així portar fins a la velocitat xinès reguladors en els detalls de la tecnologia.

Per descomptat, much can be done to improve Chinese biotech product regulations under the existing framework. China does not begin the approval process until a producing country has already approved an event. China usually starts two years behind the producing country and is at risk of inadvertently importing an unapproved product. The Chinese regulators often request an analysis that appears unnecessary or duplicates analyses already done for other countries. When product approvals are delayed, com amb soja LL55 llibertat enllaç, the industry is given little information about the delays. China has a zero tolerance for importing unapproved events.

Com el major importador d'u. productes agrícoles, China should expect ‘normalized’ trade policy relations with the U.S. That does not mean that both governments will always agree, but it is to the advantage of both sides to work out differences. Agricultural biotechnology is too important for both buyers and sellers to not come to some understanding.

Ross Korves és un comerç i analista de política econòmica de veritat sobre comerç &Tecnologia (www.truthabouttrade.org). Segueix-nos: @TruthAboutTrade i @World_Farmers a Twitter | Veritat sobre comerç & Tecnologia en Facebook.