La segona ronda de negociacions sobre el comerç transatlàntic i Associació d'inversió (TTIP) acord de lliure comerç (TLC) entre la UE i els EUA. es van posposar a causa de l'u parcial. government shutdown. These talks are unique in trade policy because they will focus more on regulatory barriers than on tariffs. Both trading partners have strong regulatory systems that have similar goals for health and safety, però sovint innecessàriament restringir fluxos comercials que seria l'avantatge dels consumidors i els productors en tant les economies.

Bidireccional EU-U. S. comerç és enorme, sobre $2.6 mil milions al dia en béns i serveis amb gairebé $4.0 trillion invested in each other’s economy. In November of 2011 l'u. i la UE nomenat un alt nivell de treball grup (HLWG) of senior government officials to explore how the two economies could be even more closely aligned to the benefit of both sides. The HLWG indentified regulatory and non-tariff barriers as one of three issue areas. These “behind-the-border” obstacles to trade would be addressed by reducing unnecessary costs and administrative delays stemming from regulations while still achieving legitimate regulatory objectives of each side.

La HLWG recomana un ambiciós SPS (sanitaris/fitosanitaris) – més que capítol construït sobre l'OMC SPS acord mesures es basa en la ciència i les normes internacionals o avaluacions de risc científica. Regulatory coherence, transparència, harmonització, equivalence and mutual recognition as appropriate are all goals of the effort. The final framework would also provide the opportunity for future regulatory cooperation. The FTA should provide more regulatory agreements over time, no és una conclusió fixa.

U. Representant de comerç (USTR) Michael Froman recently outlined how he sees regulatory reform. He began by explaining that the issue is “how to bridge the divergences between two well-regulated markets, not about launching a broad deregulatory agenda.” That should be obvious from looking at the current regulatory programs, but needed to be restated because anti-trade groups are busy raising spurious issues. TTIP will build on these commitments to strong regulations. Froman went on to explain that over decades, diferències en els nostres plantejaments a reglaments i normes han creat barreres al comerç i inversió que augmenten els costos i impactes negativament la nostra competitivitat industrial i consumidors.

Ell diu que és incorrecte dir la UE i els EUA. no pot omplir les seves diferències reguladors perquè la UE només pren mesures reguladores basat en el principi de precaució o que l'u. basa la seva normativa únicament en l'anàlisi cost-benefici, and that it does not take qualitative factors into consideration. Those distinctions are decreasingly important in the world of tomorrow in terms of regulations.

EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht voiced a similar positive message about striving for mutual recognition of regulations across a broad range of industries. He expects agreement by next January on industries to target for regulatory convergence.

Juntament amb agrair la complexitat tècnica de molts sistemes reguladors, Froman es va centrar en tres principis transversals – transparència, participació i la responsabilitat-que conformen el nucli de l'u. sistema normatiu. Transparency means providing adequate advance notice of specific proposed regulatory measures. Participation provides meaningful opportunities for input from stakeholders – públics i privats, foreign and domestic. Accountability provides responses to input, justificació les decisions reguladores finals, evidència científica, and an impact analysis. These allow potential trade frictions to be resolved ahead of time, abans de la implantació.

Segons els informes per U dins. Comerç, l per la e.u. per. Commission is cool to Froman’s approach. It would interfere with what is already a very different legislative and regulatory system from the U.S. They want to focus on issues they believe to be more substantive. The EU prefers to have regulators sit down with industry and determine ways in which specific rules could be aligned across the Atlantic, que permeten regulador equivalència en ambdós països. U. reguladors han demostrat la resistència a la iniciativa, col. locació de la càrrega en el negoci per demostrar que u. and EU rules are equivalent. U. comerç semblen que Mostra l'enfocament positivament, però la UE és uns quants passos abans de l'u. en l'exploració de com hauria de funcionar a la pràctica la idea.

Froman called for similar efforts for standards. All stakeholders, productors i consumidors independentment de la nacionalitat, should have equal access to the standard-setting process. Nationality-based processes are a tempting way to carve out market share for national constituencies and standards-setters and regulators end up leaving out cutting-edge technical solutions. Many private industries are ahead of the curve with cutting-edge ideas and the speed of standards setting by the market is far greater than by bureaucracies.

Xerrada de normativa base científica han cridat l'atenció de molta gent de la indústria en u. l'agricultura, especialment aquells que han patit sota normativa per als cultius biotecnològics, hormones in beef production and pathogen reduction treatments on poultry meat. This is the first opportunity in over 30 years to have a full and frank discussion about science. Agriculture would benefit from the certainty and speed of the Forman approach or could work with the industry approach.

In the midst of the encouraging news comes more troubling news. According to Marshall Martz, a Washington, Advocat DC especialitzat en l'agricultura i alimentació política d'escriptura per a comunicacions Agri-pols, the EU Commission has promulgated a new set of mandates that will effectively ban a quarter to a third of all US agricultural output from sale in Europe. Rather than using international scientific standards, les noves normes simplement diria "no" a un nombre de pesticides i "no" a productes amb fins i tot el més petit residu en ells.

This one step forward and one back should be no great surprise with the EU. Years of particular approaches to trade policy will not be undone in one set of negotiations. Even Europeans who speak favorable about a trade agreement are often quick to provide arguments that consumers don’t want beef from animals fed additional hormones, o que el menjar ha de ser sostenible produïts sense molta consideració de la ciència.

Ross Korves és un comerç i analista de política econòmica de veritat sobre comerç & Tecnologia (www.truthabouttrade.org). Segueix-nos: @TruthAboutTrade en Refilar | Veritat sobre comerç & Tecnologia en Facebook.