Negociacions sobre l'Associació Trans-Pacífic dotze Nacions (TPP) acord de lliure comerç (TLC) acostem l 'final' com a caps d'estat pla per satisfer a la banqueta de l'Àsia-Pacífic reunió de caps de cooperació econòmica d'octubre 7-8 a Bali, Indonèsia. Many policy decisions were left unsettled after the last formal negotiating session on August 22-30. In mid September cattle producer groups from Australia, Canadà, Nova Zelanda i EUA. ofereix deu principis bàsics per guiar els esforços com les converses es mou cap a la conclusió.

Els grups de quatre bestiar formen part de l'Aliança de cinc nacions Bou (FNBA) which includes producers from Mexico. The five countries combined account for one-third of global beef production and roughly half of world beef trade. Like virtually all farm groups that fear agriculture being dropped from the talks because every country protects some agricultural production, trucades de punt número u del grup per un acord complet que cobreix tots els béns i serveis, el segon punt demana que no les exclusions d'indústria, i l'últim punt és que les converses tractessin com un "compromís individual" per tal que res és enllestit fins que tot està enllestit.

Cattle producers have a particular interest in FTAs because they produce higher valued products that fit with the needs of a growing middle class and upper class of consumers. To the extent that areas of the economy are walled off from import competition, creixement econòmic serà menor i la piscina de consumidors de class mitja serà més petit, especialment en països en desenvolupament ingressos mitjans que formen part de la TPP, com Malàisia, i els que poden unir-se en el futur.

Algunes de les preocupacions de la ramaders van ser reiterats per Thomas Donohue, President de l'u. Chamber of Commerce speaking in Japan. He said speed is important in the TPP negotiation, but content is even more important. He called for a comprehensive agreement because excluding one industry or commodity leads to other exclusions and a weaker agreement for everyone.

Next on the cattlemen’s list is that all tariffs and other market access barriers should be eliminated by the end of a transition period and all transition periods should be short and not back-loaded. This is a basic principle of the TPP from when it had only three members Chile, Singapore and New Zealand. Tariff proposals have reportedly not yet been exchanged. The cattlemen are well aware that the Japanese government, una addició recent a les converses, és sent va pressionar tornar a casa per excloure la vedella i porc de qualsevol reduccions aranzelàries, molt menys per posar en un sentit horari cap a l'eliminació.

L'u. ha FTAs bilaterals que tenen 15-20 year phase-outs with much of them back-loaded. These have often been with developing countries that need economic growth from lower U.S. industrial tariffs before addressing competition in agriculture. Japan is a developed country with which the U.S. has spent years in negotiating market access in agriculture. When Japan joined the talks they promised to not slowdown the process. They have already missed a mid-September timetable for market access offers.

Mentre que les tarifes són ser eliminats, the cattlemen say there should be no quotas or safeguards that restrict trade. This would include the formulation of a plurilateral tariff elimination schedules so current members of TPP and future members can easily understand the tariff rates. No quotas will be hard for countries to accept.

Els altres quatre punts a principis fonamentals front les altre conjunt de problemes d'accés de mercat-sanitàries i sociosanitària Fito (SPS) rules and regulations. Principle number six states it simply, "No-ciència basada SPS mesures no cal impedir comerç."

La solució que ofereixen és basat en riscos científica presa de decisions, convergència reguladora i equivalència per tal que les normes internacionals basades en la ciència s'incorporen al text de normes i reglaments.

At the heart of this effort to strength SPS rules is the ‘WTO plus’ concept that has discussed since the TPP talks began. The WTO agreement on SPS measures that came into effect in 1995 amb la creació de l'OMC és bo com un document bàsic, but needs to be updated. With the Doha Round of WTO trade policy negotiation dead in the water, other opportunities are being explored to move WTO plus forward. The TPP effort to create a ‘21St segle, high standards’ agreement seems like a natural fit. To enhance the WTO SPS agreement in TPP, un mecanisme d'aplicació que va més enllà de l'aplicació WTO ha d'incloure.

L'u. Representant de comerç (USTR) has introduced in the negotiations a “Rapid Response Mechanism” to address trade disruptions due to unscientific SPS measures or technical barriers to trade. The cattlemen believe, "A més, clar, disciplines oportuns i vinculants i mecanismes consultius ha d'establir de lidiar amb barreres en marxa no aranzelàries comercials i noves qüestions ha ressorgeixen."

Another large round of negotiations is not planned. Individual groups have met since August 30 and many of those groups have problems that need to be addressed. The lead negotiators for the twelve countries met for four days a couple of weeks ago to address issues left open. Progress was reportedly made on SPS issues, però segons U dins. Comerç disputa assentament mètodes es van quedar per ser resolts a nivell ministerial.

All of this last minute pressure should not be too surprising since this type of negotiations has never been tried before. The lead negotiators will offer in Bali a status report on the negotiations to the TPP Leaders, que han anomenat prèviament en negociadors per completar l'acord aquest any. The political leaders should gain information from each other and communicate a course of action back to the lead negotiators. At least a third of the political leaders have a letter from their cattlemen outlining a way forward. USTR Michael Froman will be at the TPP chief negotiators meeting in Bali on Oct 1-2 i els ministres de TPP reunió d'octubre. 3-4.

Getting the contents right is even more important with indications that South Korea and Thailand wish to join the negotiations. The TPP FTA may become the Asia- wide agreement that some participants hoped it would. També, Tim Groser, Comerç ministre de Nova Zelanda i un negociador WTO ex, ha assenyalat que el resultat TPP donarà forma a les expectatives de les converses d'TTIP entre la EU i EUA, i els acords de dues juntes donarà forma negociacions comercials per a la resta del món.

Ross Korves és un comerç i analista de política econòmica de veritat sobre comerç & Tecnologia (www.truthabouttrade.org). Segueix-nos: @TruthAboutTrade en Refilar | Veritat sobre comerç & Tecnologia en Facebook.