The good news concerning approval by the EU Commission for imports of corn for food and feed containing Syngenta’s Agrisure Viptera trait for above ground insect control in corn production was a reminder of how slow the process of government approval of biotech events has been recently. The global market for corn will continue to be fractured until international approvals are harmonized.

Syngenta rebut desregulació de USDA pel Agrisure Viptera tret (MIR162 esdeveniment) a l'abril 2010. It began the EU authorization procedure in July of 2010 with submission of an application to the German government. El juny 21 d'aquest any la Autoritat Europea de seguretat alimentària va concloure que el blat de moro amb la característica Agrisure Viptera és tan segur com els seus homòlegs no modificats genèticament. EU Commission approval came on October 18. The technology had previously been approved for cultivation in Argentina, Brasil, Canadà i els EUA. i per a la importació d'aliments i pinsos utilitzar a Austràlia, Japó, Corea del Sud, Mèxic, Filipines, Rússia, Taiwan and four other countries. EUA, Brasil i Argentina s'espera que el nombre 1, 2 i 3 exporters of corn in 2012/13. Ucraïna, L'Índia i Sud-àfrica, el nombre 4, 5, i 6 exportadors, no haver aprovat el tret.

El Agrisure Viptera tret també ha rebut l'aprovació en tots els mercats d'exportació principals recomanats per la Asociación Nacional de productors de blat de moro (NCGA) i la Biotechnology Industry Organisation (BIO). European approval was not expected at the time of commercial release of the new trait. Japan will be the world’s largest importer of corn for 2012/13, followed by Mexico and South Korea. The number 4, 5 i 6 importadors són esperats estar Egipte, the EU and Taiwan. With the EU approval, Egipte és l'únic dels importadors de sis que no ha aprovat Agrisure Viptera. Columbia, L'Iran i Malàisia són junts en volum d'importacions de blat de moro com el nombre 7, 8 i 9 importadors i cap d'ells han aprovat el tret.

The country of greatest concern that has not approved Agrisure Viptera is China. When Syngenta began the regulatory process in the U.S., China was not an importer of corn and was not on the NCGA and BIO list of importing countries needing approval before commercial release of the trait. Importat de la Xina 0.047 milions de tones mètriques (. MMT) de blat de moro en 2008/09, 1.3 . MMT a 2009/10 i 1.0 . MMT a 2010/11. Importat de la Xina 5.5 . MMT a 2011/12 i es projecta el servei agrícoles estrangers (FAS) de l'USDA per importar 2.0 . MMT enguany.

Durant la 2011 U. corn harvest season some elevators refused to accept corn with the Agrisure Viptera trait or required special arrangements for fear corn from the facilities would be rejected if exported to China. Ethanol plants that exported distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) i menjar el gluten de blat de moro (CGF) had the same concern. The approval by the EU removes one market impediment, but China remains. China requires approval in the original country and one other before it starts the approval process, garan fracturat internacional de blat de moro, DDGS i CGF mercats.

A finals d'estiu de 2011, Syngenta espera xinès aprovació per venir en el primer trimestre de 2012, dos anys després de març 2010 Quan Syngenta sol·licitar l'aprovació a la Xina, roughly the same time needed for approval of other traits. The approval still has not come.

The regulators in China requested additional information from Syngenta in June of this year. Some analysts speculate that the change of leaders of the Communist Party and the government that is now taking place has caused the approval process to be put on hold. That happens in almost all countries when government transitions occur. FAS expects China to have a record large corn crop of 200 MMT this year and imports will not be of critical importance over the next few months. Si u. preus del blat de moro van refusar més propers mesos a, the Chinese government may decide to import corn to rebuild stocks and the approval process would take on more importance. If this is not resolved by spring of next year and the new Chinese corn crop has early weather problems, el problema podria ser crítica.

L'u. Consell de grans, un nord-americà. grup sense ànim de lucre que promou les exportacions de blat de moro, altres pinsos cereals i productes, en un comunicat de premsa entusiasmar la decisió de la UE. It also had a note of caution by Cary Sifferath, Director Regional superior, that the relief by the EU approval may be only temporary. New crop biotech events are in the U.S. canonades i no han estat aprovats per la Unió Europea. Some may be planted by U.S. els agricultors de la primavera següent i entrar en el mercat a la tardor de 2013. If the approval process remains slow, movement of DDGS and CGF could again be stalled. This would hurt U.S. productors de blat de moro i l'etanol i EU bestiar i aviram productors que reconeixen les prestacions econòmiques en les seves racions de menjar.

Agrisure Viptera MIR162 has a critical production role to play as a new mode of action for pest control. This new mode should help delay the development of resistance to the Bt traits which are currently used for corn borer control. The availability of multiple resistances allows Syngenta to offer reduced refuge products and increase farmer compliance with refuge requirements.

Syngenta may already have one of the new products that Sifferath of the Grains Council noted in his comments about Agrisure Viptera. Agrisure Duracade, 5307, expressing Bt protein Cry3.1Ab, may be on the market as soon as 2014. The company has completed consultations with the Food and Drug Administration and was just granted registration by the Environmental Protection Agency. It has a mode of action different from other corn rootworm Bt’s and provides Syngenta a second corn rootworm trait to market a complete in-house reduced refuge package for both corn borers and corn rootworms. Full USDA deregulation is the next step.

Major trading nations in all industries appear to understand the need to provide harmonization of regulations to increase economic efficiencies and expand trade. That approach should be applied to crop biotechnology. Since commercialization in 1996, crop biotechnology has expanded from mainly herbicide tolerance to a much broader range of applications. The safety record of biotech crops and the needs of crop producers and consumers should encourage regulators to find ways to begin international harmonization for the industry. Each nation has its own unique scientific and political institutions and constituency concerns to respect, però tot es beneficiarien de polítiques regulatives més eficients en biotecnologia.

Ross Korves és un analista de política econòmica de veritat sobre comerç i tecnologia