L'administració d'importació del Departament comerç va anunciar el setembre 27 preliminar decisió d'interrompre la seva investigació antidumping suspès sobre tomàquets mexicans demanat per u. tomato growers. The Commerce Department also said if they make a final decision to terminate the suspended investigation it would also terminate a related suspension agreement that has governed U.S. importacions de tomàquet de Mèxic des de 1996.

La implementació de la NAFTA en gener 1, 1994 eliminat un nord-americà. import tariff on Mexican tomatoes. Almost immediately U.S. tomato producers for the winter fresh market accused Mexican producers of dumping tomatoes at low prices and driving domestic producers out of business. The November 1, 1996 acord suspès una investigació del Departament de comerç, que va començar com a resultat un basculant querella interposada als productors de tomàquet en la EUA. against Mexican producers. A 2008 revisió del conveni establert un preu de planta revisada per tomàquets mexicans a $0.172 per lliura a l'estiu i $0.216 per lliura a l'hivern.

U. cultivadors argumenten que no pot competir a aquells preus i volia l'acord s'acaba, not renegotiated. They believe it no longer is effective in protecting them from unfair competition from Mexico. Termination would allow them to file a new anti-dumping petition for new tariffs. The Commerce Department instead launched a ‘changed circumstances’ review to judge the level of support in the U.S. tomato industry for the suspension agreement. The public has a 40 període de comentari dia a partir d'octubre 2 when the notice appeared in the Federal Register. A final decision on the preliminary decision must be made by May 13, 2013.

Segons l'anàlisi pel servei de recerca econòmica de USDA, preus de tomàquet en la EUA. i aquest passat hivern eren deprimit a Mèxic $0.30 per pound because of good crops in both countries. Winter freezes in parts of the two countries in the previous two years had resulted in winter tomato prices of $0.80 a $1.00 per lliura. The expansion in greenhouses and other protected facilities in Mexico also reduces weather uncertainties in production.

Mexican tomato growers have made a proposal to the Commerce Department to keep the suspension agreement in place. They would accept a higher floor price for their tomatoes, ampliar el nombre de cultivadors coberts per l'acord substancialment i reforçar l'aplicació mitjançant la participació al govern mexicà, a més de l'u. Govern. The two parties to the suspension agreement are the Mexican tomato growers and the Commerce Department. U. als productors de tomàquet no són una part de l'acord de suspensió, però el Departament de comerç es breu l'u. growers as interested stakeholders. La De Nova York reported that Reggie Brown, Vicepresident executiu de l'intercanvi de tomàquet de Florida, va dir que no podia imaginar qualsevol cosa que pogués oferir els Mexicans que faria l'acord acceptable als productors nord-americà.

The Mexican government indicated it will retaliate to the fullest extent allowed. They consider the preliminary decision to end the suspension of the anti-dumping case to be an attempt by the Obama Administration to gain support of farmers in a key swing state in the Presidential election. Talk of Mexican retaliation brought up comparisons to the NAFTA trucking situation when Mexico placed tariffs on $2.4 milions de dòlars dels EUA. agricultural exports to force the Obama Administration to alter its position. The value of Mexican tomato exports to the U.S. és $1.9 milions de dòlars l'any.

Congress has already entered the dispute. Fifteen members of the House of Representatives from Florida, 10 Republicans i 5 Demòcrates, wrote to Acting Commerce Secretary Rebecca Blank indicating disappointment on the ‘changed circumstances’ review rather than terminating the suspension agreement giving producers the option to file a new anti-dumping investigation. Senator Ben Nelson (FL-D) expressat el seu suport similar per a la resolució ràpida de la revista "canviat circumstàncies".

That politics would enter a trade dispute in a Presidential election year is not a surprise. Both political parties slice the electorate into political interest subgroups and appeal to their specific needs. That tomato growers, d'entrada de proveïdors i treballadors agrícoles, would be one of those subgroups seems logical. Representatives from both parties signing a letter of support is a normal response to a local political constituency. A Senator running for reelection is expected to chime in.

The role of the President should be different. He is called upon to represent the broader interests of all consumers and exporters of other goods and services. The goal of the Florida tomato growers is to protect their business interests. Achieving that requires taxing the competition and that requires calculations to show that Mexican tomatoes are not priced high enough. UN NORD-AMERICÀ. Presidenta no haurien de formar part d'això en detriment dels EUA tots els. consumidors i altres exportadors.

Gairebé 17 després es va implementar la NAFTA i cinc anys després els passat períodes de transició ha acabat, l'u. and Mexico need a better way to settle these disputes than filing anti-dumping cases. Mexican chicken meat and pork producers continue to bring cases against U.S. productors com l'u. tomato producers. Having a competitive advantage should not result in a trade dispute case. President Obama and Mitt Romney should commit to not using anti-dumping cases as should President-elect Nieto of Mexico.

An investment climate should be created where decisions can be made with a long-term view knowing that producing a quality product at a competitive price will be rewarded. Mexican producers have invested in new technology and claim their vine-ripened tomatoes are superior products. Their market share in the U.S. mercat d'hivern ha augmentat d'un terç a la meitat en els darrers 16 anys.

The three NAFTA countries will never reach their full potential of investment opportunities for producers and savings from lower prices for consumers until political influence in importing and exporting is further reduced. Politicians will continue to intervene as long as political rewards are available.

Ross Korves és un analista de política econòmica de veritat sobre comerç i tecnologia