Dins del mes següent s'espera una sentència en la EUA. recurs de cassació del resultat de la WTO interposada per Canadà contra l'u. obligatori país d'origen Etiquetatge Llei (MCOOL) for beef and pork. L'u. is expected to lose as it did in the original ruling. An analysis by the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI) a Washington, DC i l'Institut de Fraser a Vancouver, AC., Canadà, MCOOL i la política del país d'origen de l'etiquetatge proposa "establir 'mutu reconeixement" dels seus règims reguladors per al bestiar, carn de boví, i porc, instituir una etiqueta que es manifestaria ' produïda als EUA i Canadà,«i la creació d'un grup de binacional que treballaria per garantir que qualsevol futurs estàndards o normativa es negocia conjuntament.»

El desembre del 2008 el govern canadenc, i per separat el govern mexicà, consultes sol·licitada amb l'u. regarding implementation of MCOOL for pork and beef at the consumer level. USDA had published an interim final rule on MCOOL in August 2008 i una norma definitiva al gener 2009 Març eficaç 16, 2009. The final rule requires retailers to use one of four types of labels based on the country of origin of the animal, on s'alçava, i el país on va ser sacrificats i processats.

Consultes feia no resoldre la disputa, i a l'octubre 2009 Canada asked that a WTO dispute settlement panel be formed. In November of 2011, el plafó es troba que MCOOL com implementat era en violació de les barreres tècniques OMC comerç mitjançant un tractament menys favorable a importats canadencs vaques i porcs que per u. domestic products and not meeting its legitimate objective of providing consumers with information on the origins of meat. In April of this year the U.S. Govern apel·lar la decisió.

Mentre que MCOOL té un 10 anys d'història política i legislativa, the only relevant points for trade policy at this time are the WTO panel findings of unequal treatment of products and failure to inform consumer of the origin of meat. The Canadian government has a right to demand increased tariffs on other items, but has made clear it has little interest in retaliation against the U.S. Canada seeks a way to resolve the dispute. Brazil took the same position after winning the WTO cotton and export credit case against the U.S. L'u. tenia una postura similar després de guanyar una carn de cas hormona contra la UE i imposició de tarifes superiors contra productes d'EU que ocasionaven cap canvi en l'accés al mercat de nord-americà. carn de boví. WTO cases are not about retaliation; són d'augmentar l'accés al mercat, com ha de ser.

L'anàlisi CEI/Fraser proposa un pla que donaria accés de mercat que el panell WTO deia que Canadà ha de tenir, mentre que una etiqueta que serveix als interessos d'ambdós països sense discriminació contra Mèxic i altres països. Segons l'anàlisi, Qüestions WTO probablement s'evitarà perquè aquest pla s'aplica a animals vius, not packaged meat. The plan would fulfill the U.S. obligation to change policies that are harming the trade interests of Canada. The plan would be similar to broader talks by the U.S. i Canadà per eliminar les diferències en les regulacions que impedeixin comerç i recaptar els costos per als consumidors.

U. i normativa canadenc de porcí i boví són complementari en les normes de classificació nacionals, serveis d'inspecció, serveis re-d'inspecció a ports d'entrada, sistemes d'identificació nacional, and the use of growth hormones and antibiotics in livestock. The analysis does not propose that the laws of the two countries be unified because that would be unacceptable to both sovereign national governments. That approach has been generally rejected in most trade harmonization efforts globally. What is proposed is a mixture of harmonization of rules and mutual recognition of processes with similar outcomes, juntament amb un 'carn vermella Comitè binacional' sota el Consell Regulador de cooperació creada recentment per President Obama i primer ministre Harper.

Ambdós països tenen el mateix plantejament de cedir graus i qualitat; Canadà té tres qualificacions de rendiment mentre l'u. has five. Quality grades measure tenderness, juiciness and flavor. En 1996 Canadà formalment adoptat els drets d'autor nord-americà. marbling standards. For inspection services, both countries recognize each system as practically equivalent. Canada will need to do more annual plants inspections to match the U.S. effort. Canadian meat is inspected at the point of entry by the U.S. even though Canadian inspection is considered equivalent. President Obama and Prime Minister Harper have already agreed to a pilot bi-national inspection team starting this month that could lead to ending border inspections.

Canada has a mandatory national livestock identification system for hogs and cattle. L'u. system only covers animals that are traded in interstate commerce under state government operated identification systems that meet minimum federal standards. The solution suggested is mutual recognition and national treatment. L'u. would benefit from the better traceability of the Canadian system that reduces the risk of transmitting animal diseases to the U.S. The two countries have similar policies on use of hormones in beef, excepte l'u. allowing the use of rBST to improve milk production in dairy cows. Both employ regulations to minimize antibiotic use and ensure no or minimal residue after slaughter.

The bi-national ‘Red Meat Committee’ would keep the process moving forward and resolve problems as they arise. Harmonization would not be easy, but doable given the existing commonalities in the two systems. Amb $2.8 milions d'animals i carn Mòir Sud-2011and $1.3 milions de dòlars mou al nord, productors i consumidors en ambdós països tenim molt a guanyar d'una cadena de subministrament més eficient.

Efforts at harmonization and mutual recognition of regulations have become popular globally in recent months to overcome regulations that provide small benefits and high costs in restricted trade. The analysis argues that live animals and beef and pork trade between the U.S. and Canada fit that basic model. Per descomptat, the proposed changes would do nothing to stop the protectionist pressures in Congress that led to the MCOOL law and the WTO case. Those can only be resolved by recognizing that the costs to consumers and the supply chain far outweigh the benefits to specific groups that gain from protectionism.

Ross Korves és un analista de política econòmica de veritat sobre comerç i tecnologia