الاستعلام عن شبكة المزارعين العالمية مؤخرا بعض أعضائها مع بعض الأسئلة عن وجهات نظرهم حول الاستدامة في بلدانهم, regions and local areas. This week we’ll start off with responses provided by R. Madhavan from India who also authored a recent column, Learning by Doing Helps Indian Agriculture Thrive (قد 10, 2018).

 

عضو الشبكة العالمية للمزارعين – مادهافان, Ulundhai Village, Vandavasi Taluq, تاميل نادو, الهند

سؤال:ما هو تعريفك للزراعة المستدامة?

إجابة:Crop Productivity along with cost per unit of the produce determines sustainability. Crop productivity improvement can be achieved through the adoption of modern tools & تقنية. Crop productivity or yield per acre of most crops in India in only a fraction of what is achieved in industrialized countries. The low crop productivity is responsible for the high cost of food in India. The high cost makes it not affordable to the economically deprived sections of the populations thus large people suffer from Malnutrition and undernutrition, This during formative stages of childhood, resulting in irreversible damage to physical and mental capabilities of a person through his lifetime.

 

سؤال: ما هي الممارسات الزراعية الذي تستخدمه على المزارع الخاصة بك اليوم التي تساعد على استدامة عملية الزراعة والتربة التي تقوم الزراعة على?

إجابة: I took the first step in improving productivity by applying the following tools and technology:

  1. Complete soil analysis and balance the fertility level for crop specific
  2. Placement of fertilizer in the root zone due to immobility of certain nutrients for efficient uptake of nutrients by plants
  3. Proper land preparation to take care physical and chemical characteristics of the field including chisel, as shallow plow layer would prevent the plant from exploiting larger volumes of soil mass by its root system, both nutrient, and water. Besides, its ability to store rain or irrigated water in the soil profile for plant use has reduced significantly increased water use efficiency.
  4. Adopting judicious mechanization by simple bullock drawn as well tractor drawn tools for various operations
  5. Judicious pest management including weeds by appropriate tools and technology available including bt strains, proper use of weedicide etc

سؤال: أين يمكنك الحصول على معلومات حول الممارسات الزراعية المستدامة التي هي مناسبة لالمزارع الخاصة بك?

إجابة: At my farm, discussing with fellow farmers and with reputed Agri scientists national and international levels. The opportunity provided by GFN cannot be ignored as that was an eye-opener more specifically field trips and discussion on the symposium.

 

سؤال: كيف يمكنك تحديد ما هي الممارسات تعمل بشكل أفضل على المزارع الخاصة بك?

إجابة: Many factors for example:

  1. Productivity
  2. Profitability
  3. Consumer demand
  4. Environment and ecosystem

 

سؤال: هل هناك تقنيات محددة من شأنها أن تدعم استدامة عملية زراعة الخاص بك?

إجابة:We need to create awareness among farmers on the tools available and how to use these properly. Like I always mention in my workshops which are conducted for farmers, that tractor driver cannot drive Ferrari car prior to proper awareness and learning. Otherwise, he will be killing himself and half dozen on the way. We cannot blame Ferrari for it.

 

سؤال:هل تقاسم الممارسات الزراعية المستدامة التي تستخدمها مع مزارعين آخرين? If yes, كيف?

إجابة:Yes very much thats part of my learning, to share and demonstrate knowledge with my fellow farmers, educated youth etc by conducting workshops with the main theme as LEARN BY DOING. أيضا, make pictorial pamphlets in the local language and distribute it to the farmers.