A المكسيكي المشرع يريد حظر استيراد نمت الذرة في الولايات المتحدة.

Senator Armando Rios Piter introduced the legislation in response to President Trumps threat to renegotiate NAFTAand possibly to add a new 20-percent tax on Mexican products bound for the United States.

Mexico Senator Armando Rios Piter

Its important to stand up and say this has consequences, said Senator Armando Rios Piter, according to USA Today.

I hope that the boycott is a bluff, or at least that the proposal fails to pass. في نفس الوقت, I want it to make a point that Americans will hear: Nobody wins a trade war.

If President Trump embraces protectionism, his actions will hurt people on both sides of our common border. Economic opportunities will dwindle, food prices will rise, and workers will lose their jobs.

It will certainly make things tougher for me as a Mexican dairy farmer. Much of what we feed our livestock comes from the United States.

Im hardly alone. Mexico is the biggest buyer of American corn exports. We purchase about a quarter of all the corn the United States sends abroad. We spent more than $2 billion on American corn last year. We also spent more than $1 billion on American soybeans. We buy a lot of American wheat, جدا.

So we depend on the United States.

And that means the United States depends on us.

Senator Rios Piters boycott legislation would devastate Americas farm economy. Thats part of his purpose. If we stop buying their corn, farmers would have a good idea how important Mexico is, he said. The senator observed that many U.S. farmers voted for President Trumpand so he believes they have a special responsibility to encourage him not to weaken NAFTA.

Even if NAFTA doesnt change, President Trumps actions may have already hurt American farmers. Thats because he has motivated Mexicans to look for new trade partners, مثل الأرجنتين والبرازيل, both major growers of corn and soybeans.

The real threat to the United States isnt that Mexico will stop buying American farm products tomorrowits that Mexico will buy fewer American farm products in the years to come.

My preference would be to maintain an excellent trade relationship with the United States. It works well for my farm and co-op. Yet our dairy cows dont care if their feed comes from the north or the south or the dark side of the moon. Ultimately, well choose a source that makes economic sense for usand thats where our money will go.

Gina Gutierrez on her dairy farm in Pachuca, المكسيك

Wed like to keep [نافتا] as it is, but right now we have to look for alternative producers and Brazil and Argentina could work, said Juan Pablo Castanon, president of Consejo Coordinador Empresarial, a large business group, according to Bloomberg News.

الآن, South America cannot meet Mexicos agricultural needs. Argentina and Brazil wont match American prices, due to transportation costs. This is especially true in the northern part of Mexico, which enjoys strong rail links to the United States. But this could also mean that production costs would be more even in all parts of Mexico (I pay more for goods from the U.S. than my colleagues and fellow farmers who live in the northern states).

This could change, howeverand American farmers, of all people, should know that nothing is guaranteed.

في 1985, according to a recent article in the Wall Street Journal, the United States dominated the world export market for corn, selling 56 percent of all the corn that traveled from one country to another. العام الماضي, ومع ذلك, that figure had slumped to 37 نسبه مئويه, due largely to new competition from the likes of Argentina, البرازيل, and Russia.

Mexico is currently in NAFTA-like trade talks with Argentina and Braziland Argentina appears ready to finish an agreement by the end of 2017. Its president, Mauricio Macri, wants to expand his countrys export opportunities and surely he senses Mexicos eagerness to deal.

Were used to American presidents who demonstrate international leadership on trade liberalization. Yet were living in new times, as the United States withdraws from the Trans-Pacific Partnership and looks to remake NAFTA.

I like the way things used to bebut I also know that we cant expect things to remain the way theyve always been.

Mexico is thinking hard about its future in the global economy. As border neighbors and friends, I am hopeful America will do the same.