صحيفة واشنطن بوست
حزيران/يونيه 24, 2009
واشنطن (رويترز) – Political pressure grew on President Barack Obama to reconsider pending trade deals with Panama, Colombia and South Korea as over 100 lawmakers called on Wednesday for a massive revamp of U.S. السياسة التجارية.
على 106 النواب, most of them members of Obama’s Democratic party, introduced legislation requiring a comprehensive review of the economic impact of existing major trade deals, مثل "اتفاق التجارة الحرة في أمريكا الشمالية" (النافتا) with Mexico and Canada, before any new ones are considered.
The legislation introduced on Wednesday, called the Trade Act, also stipulates environmental and labor standards and provisions for food and product safety and human rights protections that lawmakers say were omitted from previous trade deals and now must be included.
أوباما, during his presidential campaign, said he favored changing NAFTA to include stronger labor and environmental protections that many members of his party wanted. But after he became president, his top trade official, الولايات المتحدة. ممثل التجارة رون كيرك, said this was not necessary.
Many Democrats on Capitol Hill, ومع ذلك, are unhappy about manufacturing job losses that they blame on trade pacts such as NAFTA and say they do not want to approve any more agreements without some safeguards.
"The idea of another trade bill, we can hardly bear the thought," وقال مندوب. ذبح لويز, a New York Democrat and chairwoman of the powerful House Rules Committee.
"We are not going to do it again," she told a news conference, adding that they had requested meetings with Obama and Kirk about trade policy.
Trade deals with Panama, كولومبيا, وتم التفاوض على كوريا الجنوبية بأن إدارة بوش, but must be ratified by Congress before they can go into effect.
The House legislation "sets a clear standard for where House Democrats are on trade," said Bill Holland, a spokesman for Public Citizen, a consumer advocacy group that supports the bill.
"Those three (pending) agreements are built on the NAFTA model, and today’s introduction of the Trade Act is a clear rejection of that model and a call for change," وقال أن.
Obama has moved slowly on trade while pushing more forcefully on domestic concerns like healthcare reform and climate change legislation. الأسبوع الماضي, a senior Republican accused the Democratic president of stalling on the three pending deals.
Obama is expected to deliver a speech sometime soon outlining his views on trade. Asked if there would be any similarities with Trade Act, Maine Democrat Michael Michaud said he did not know.
"All I can tell you is .. وهذا (legislation) is similar to what he campaigned on," he told reporters.
(التحرير بواسطة Eric والش)