السيرة الذاتية – منظمة صناعة التكنولوجيا الحيوية
أيار/مايو 20, 2009
جهة الاتصال: كارين باترا – 202/449-6382 or firstname.lastname@example.org
الزراعة المستدامة المقدمة من المحاصيل المعدلة وراثيا
New Study Highlights Ag Biotech’s Benefits to Farmers and the Environment
واشنطن, العاصمة. (أيار/مايو 20, 2009) – Farmers around the world are growing more crops in a more environmentally sustainable manner according to a report issued today by the UK-based PG Economics.
“Once again, the Global Impact Study shows that agricultural biotechnology contributes to both environmental and economic sustainability,” says Sharon Bomer Lauritsen, executive vice president for food and agriculture for the Biotechnology Industry Organization (السيرة الذاتية). “This report affirms that agriculture productivity and environmental protection do – في الحقيقة – go hand in hand.”
The PG Economics annual Global Impact Study quantifies the impact of agricultural biotechnology on the environment and on farmer incomes since biotech’s commercialization in 1996.
“As we continue to see the global adoption of biotech crops, we are also seeing a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture and a decreased need for pesticide spraying,” says Graham Brookes, director of PG Economics, co-author of the report. “A record 13.3 ملايين المزارعين في 25 countries are using agricultural biotechnology. These farmers are seeing increased yields and improved productivity, and they are enjoying gains in incomes as a result.”
According to the Global Impact Study, the use of biotech crops has contributed significantly to environmental sustainability by:
• reducing the global release of greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural practices.
-This results from less fuel use and additional soil carbon storage from reduced tillage with biotech crops.
-في 2007, this was equivalent to removing 14.2 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or equal to removing nearly 6.3 million cars from the road for one year;
• reducing the need for pesticide spraying.
-For the years 1996-2007, global pesticide applications were reduced by 359 مليون كجم (-8.8 في المائة: equal to about 125 percent of the annual volume of pesticide active ingredient applied to arable crops in the European Union)
-وكنتيجة لذلك, the global environmental impact associated with herbicide and insecticide use on the area planted with biotech crops decreased by 17.2 في المائة.
“Biotech crops produced for food and biofuels carry an added environmental benefit as we deal with climate change,” says Maria Gabriela Cruz, a grower from Portugal. “Biotechnology allows farmers to use conservation agriculture practices that leave crop residue on the surface to fight water and wind erosion. Biotech crops also allow a significant carbon sink in the soil.”
The use of biotech crops has contributed significantly to economic sustainability by:
• providing substantial net economic benefits at the farm level amounting to $10.1 مليار في 2007 و $44.1 billion for the twelve year period.
-The farm income gains in 2007 are equivalent to adding 4.4 percent to the value of global production of the four main biotech crops of soybeans, الذرة, والكانولا والقطن.
-Of the total farm income benefit, 46.5 في المائة ($20.5 مليار) has been due to yield gains, with the balance arising from reductions in the cost of production.
“As a believer on modern farming technology, I was one of the pioneer farmers who planted biotech corn in 2003,” says Rosalie Ellasus, a Philippine grower. “From then, I was able to experience the benefits brought about by biotech farming such as increased yields and lower production costs.”
According to the Global Impact Study, the use of biotech crops has helped to increase productivity and crop yields on the areas planted to biotech crops in 2007 as follows:
• Soybean production was 29.8 percent higher than levels would have otherwise been if biotechnology had not been used by farmers.
• Corn production was 7.6 percent higher than levels would have otherwise been if biotechnology had not been used;
• Cotton production was 19.8 percent higher than levels would have otherwise been if biotechnology had not been used; و
• Canola production was 8.5 percent higher than levels would have otherwise been if biotechnology had not been used.
“Because of biotechnology, نحن قادرون على تغذية المزيد من الناس مع الأراضي الزراعية أقل من ذي قبل,” says Terry Wanzek, a farmer from North Dakota. “Biotechnology enhances production efficiency and creates a more plentiful supply of safe, الغذاء موثوقة وميسورة لعالم جائع. في السنوات المقبلة, our capabilities will do nothing but improve.”
*To download the full report, visit www.pgeconomics.co.uk
**Editor’s note: جراهام بروكس, غابرييلا كروز, Rosalie Ellasus and Terry Wanzek will be available for interviews in person or by phone on Wednesday and Thursday, أيار/مايو 20-21, 2009. Please contact Karen Batra at email@example.com or 202-246-0593 to make arrangements for an interview.
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