The Economic Research Service (ERS) of USDA provides estimates of U.S. agricultural exports by state. They do not track actual shipments from the state of production to export markets; for most products export allocations are based on state production estimates. ERS also uses Customs district export data compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau. The estimates provide a picture of the wide range of U.S. الصادرات الزراعية.

A few patterns are clear from the estimates. أول, major exporting states fit into either a feed grains/soybeans/meat framework or a fruit/vegetable and other products framework. The two groups of states have different market concerns and trade policy challenges. ثانيا, some states have a narrow base of exports that leave them vulnerable to demand changes in just a couple of markets. Third, about a third to half the states have a minor role in exports. Individual producers or commodity groups in those states may be extremely committed, but the broader political process is less interested.

الامريكى. agricultural exports as measured by USDA totaled $68.72 مليار دولار في السنة المالية 2006, اكتوبر 1, 2005 إلى سبتمبر 30, 2006. California continued as the leading export state at $10.48 مليار, 15.3 percent of total U.S. الصادرات الزراعية. Californias exports were 2.5 times the exports of the next largest state, Iowa at $4.21 مليار. Texas was the third largest state at $3.81 مليار, followed by Illinois at $3.79 مليار, نبراسكا $3.26 billion and Kansas $3.22 مليار. The top ten states were rounded out by Minnesota at $2.98 مليار, واشنطن $2.23 مليار, شمال كارولينا $2.05 billion and Indiana $2.04 مليار. The top 10 states in 2006 يحسب ل 55 percent of agricultural exports, basically unchanged from 56 في المئة في 2005.

California is not only the biggest exporting state, it is also the most unique in its product mix. The largest export category is tree nuts at $2.73 مليار, 93 في المئة من الامريكى. tree nut exports. Fruit and preparation exports totaled $2.35 مليار, 52 في المئة من الامريكى. exports, while vegetables and preparations exports were $1.53 مليار, 39 في المئة من الامريكى. exports. California is also a commodity exporter with $400 million of cotton and cottonseed, $390 million of dairy products and $380 million of rice. It also exports $1.8 billion of other products. An ERS analysis by Nora Brooks notes that Nearly three-fourths of Californias other product exports are wine and nursery and greenhouse products.

Commodity products dominate the exports of most of the other largest agricultural exporting states. For number two state Iowa, corn and soybeans accounted for 68 نسبه مئويه, $2.86 مليار, of its $4.21 billion in exports. Live animals and meat exports were $970 مليون. Number four state Illinois had 70 percent of its exports in corn and soybeans, $2.63 مليار, out of total exports of $3.78 مليار. Illinois live animals and meat exports were estimated at $370 مليون.

Texas is the third largest exporting state at $3.81 billion and one of the most diversified states. Cotton and cottonseed lead in exports at $1.28 مليار, 34 percent of total state exports. Other major export items included lives animals and meat at $420 مليون, hides and skins $310 مليون, feeds and fodders $300 مليون, قمح $280 million and feed grains $260 مليون. Texas is also in the top ten states in exports of fruit, دواجن, tree nuts, dairy products, أرز, peanuts and sunflower seed and oil.

The number five agricultural export state, Nebraska at $3.26 مليار, looks a lot like its neighbor Iowa with feed grain and soybean exports of $1.62 مليار, 50 percent of its exports. Live animal and meat exports were $670 مليون, hides and skins $380 million and feeds and fodder $220 مليون. Neighboring state Kansas was at number six with $3.22 billion in total agricultural exports and the number one wheat export state at $910 مليون, 28 percent of its exports. Other major export items included feed grains at $560 مليون, live animals and meat at $450 مليون, feeds and fodders $440 million and hides and skins $380 مليون. Minnesota, the number seven state with $3.0 billion of exports, is a corn and soybean state with exports of $1.66 مليار, 55 percent of total exports. It is more diversified that some other Midwestern states with live animals and meat exports of $340 مليون, قمح $240 مليون, خضروات $140 مليون, and feeds and fodders $100 مليون.

Washington is the eighth largest state in agricultural exports at $2.23 مليار. Fruits and preparations were the leading export category at $830 مليون, 37 percent of total agricultural exports. Two other categories are also important, vegetables and preparations at $410 million and wheat at $310 مليون. North Carolina at number nine in exports with $2.05 billion is also a diversified state. Unmanufactured tobacco led with $410 million in exports, 20 percent of total state exports, followed by live animals and meat at $350 مليون, دواجن $280 million and cotton $270 مليون. The tenth state in agricultural exports was Indiana with exports of $2.04 مليار. Corn and soybeans dominate with $1.40 مليار, 68 percent of the state total. Live animals and meat exports were $230 million and poultry $120 مليون.

While talking about the value of U.S. agricultural exports is often politically popular, 28 ل 50 states had agricultural exports of less than $1 مليار دولار سنويا. Ten of those had exports of less than $100 million per year. Most of those ten are in the Northeast, but they also included Nevada at $44 million and Wyoming at $53 مليون. States with exports of less than $1 billion per year that are considered major agricultural states include Mississippi at $950 مليون, Tennessee $924 مليون, ايداهو $911 million and Colorado at $852 مليون. Producers in all states gain when agricultural exports increase, but that can be a hard message to sell when a state is not a major exporter.