الامريكى. agricultural exports in fiscal year (FY) 2006, the year that ended on September 30, were a record $68.7 مليار, an increase of 9.9 percent over 2005. Imports increased by 10.9 percent to a record $64.0 مليار. الامريكى. agricultural exports and imports reflect that the U.S. is part of a world-wide food system as markets respond to consumers demands for food and other agricultural products.

The Foreign Agricultural Service of USDA categorizes exports and imports into bulk, intermediate and consumer oriented. Bulk commodities include unprocessed grains, oilseeds and tobacco. Intermediate products are processed products like wheat flour, vegetable oils and meals, live animals, hides and skins and sweeteners. Consumer-oriented products include meat, poultry and dairy products, الفاكهة, vegetables and tree nuts. For FY2006, bulk commodity exports were $25.7 مليار, 37.4 percent of agricultural exports; intermediate product exports were $13.6 مليار, 19.8 نسبه مئويه; and consumer-oriented products were $29.4 مليار, 42.8 نسبه مئويه.

For the seven years of the 21st century, consumer-oriented exports have shown the most consistent growth, while bulk export values have been the most volatile. In FY2000, consumer-oriented exports were $21.5 مليار, 42.3 percent of total agricultural exports. After a slight increase the next year and a slight decline the year after that, exports grew rapidly to the FY2006 total of $29.4 مليار. Bulk exports in FY2000 were $18.6 مليار, 36.6 percent of total exports. وبلغت ذروتها في $26.9 billion in FY2004 before falling in FY2005 and recovering some in FY2006. Based on the current higher market prices for grains and oil seeds, bulk export values in FY2007 should easily exceed the FY2004 level. Intermediate exports were $10.7 billion in FY2000, 21.1 percent of exports. They increased to $12.5 billion in FY2002, flattened out for a few years and increased to $13.6 billion for FY2006.

الامريكى. imports of agricultural products in FY2006 were mostly consumer-oriented products at $42.2 مليار, 65.9 percent of total imports, basically unchanged from 66.1 percent in FY2000. Bulk imports were $8.9 billion in FY2006, 13.8 في المئة من المجموع, أسفل من 16.2 percent in FY2000. The two largest increases over those years were rubber and allied products increasing from $852 million to $1.96 billion in FY2006, and raw sugar increasing from $446 million to $910 مليون, with most of that increase occurring last year. Intermediate product imports almost doubled over the six years from $6.9 billion in FY2000, 17.7 percent of agricultural imports, إلى $12.9 billion in FY2006, 20.1 percent of imports. Imports of tropical oils, essential oils and other vegetable oils increased from $1.7 billion to $5.1 مليار; live animal imports increased from $1.8 billion to $2.5 مليار; and sugars and sweeteners increased from $271 million to $997 مليون.

الامريكى. trade is concentrated in a few regions and countries. Most important are our NAFTA partners with agricultural exports to Canada and Mexico of $22.0 billion in FY2006, 32.0 percent of total exports, and imports of $22.5 مليار, 35.2 percent of total imports. Central and South America plus the Caribbean had U.S. exports of $6.1 billion and imports to the U.S. of $11.2 مليار. After NAFTA, the EU-25 is the largest exporter of agricultural products to the U.S. في $14.0 مليار, مع 67.6 percent being consumer oriented products. Beer and wine together account for $4.4 مليار. الامريكى. exports to the EU-25 were $7.1 مليار, led by tree nuts with $1.6 مليار.

Asia as a region was the largest export market for U.S. agricultural products in FY2006 at $25.0 مليار, 36.4 percent of total exports, and had exports to the U.S. of $9.4 مليار. Japan was the largest market in Asia in FY2006 at $8.2 مليار, 11.9 percent of total U.S. exports, with the four highest valued groupings being course grains at $2.0 مليار, الفاكهة, vegetables and tree nuts at $1.2 مليار, red meats at $1.1 billion and soybeans at $865 مليون. الامريكى. exports to China in FY2006 were $6.7 مليار, مع $4.8 billion being bulk items led by soybeans at $2.4 billion and cotton at $2.3 مليار. Hides and skins were the one intermediate product of note at $767 مليون. Agricultural imports from China were $2.1 billion with fruits, vegetables and juices the largest grouping at $850 مليون. Agricultural exports to Korea were $2.7 billion and imports from them were only $214 مليون.

Exports of some major U.S. agricultural products are concentrated in just a few countries. In FY2006, China took 49.6 في المئة من الامريكى. cotton exports; Turkey was the next largest at 10.9 نسبه مئويه. China also accounted for 38.0 في المئة من الامريكى. soybean exports, followed by Mexico at 13.9 percent and Japan at 12.6 نسبه مئويه. Japans U.S. corn imports were 29.4 percent of total U.S. exports, followed by Mexico at 12.0 percent and Korea 10.3 نسبه مئويه. الامريكى. wheat exports were evenly divided among the primary countries with Japan at 11.7 نسبه مئويه, Nigeria at 11.4 percent and Mexico at 9.5 نسبه مئويه.

After the NAFTA countries and the EU, the largest exporters of agricultural products to the U.S. were Australia at $2.4 مليار, البرازيل $2.2 billion and Indonesia $2.0 مليار. Meat and animal products accounted for $1.4 billion of Australias exports followed by wine at $754 مليون. Brazils biggest exports to the U.S. were coffee at $563 million and meat and animal products at $418 مليون. Over half of Indonesia exports were rubber and allied products. Mexico and Chile were the largest exporters of fruit to the U.S. في $1.4 billion and $1.2 مليار, على التوالي. The largest exporters of vegetables to the U.S. were Mexico at $3.2 billion and Canada at $1.7 مليار.

Agricultural trade policy is not just about U.S. producers marketing to the rest of the world. الامريكى. consumers have also chosen to use the global food supply market to improve food variety and reduce costs.